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 A stateless nation is a political term for an ethnic group or nation that does not possess its own state and is not the majority population in any nation state. State is defined as “a nation or territory considered as an organized political community under one government.” The term "stateless" implies that the group "should have" such a state. Members of stateless nations may be citizens of the country in which they live, or they may be denied citizenship by that country. Stateless nations are usually not represented in international sports or in international organizations such as the United Nations. Nations without state are classified as fourth world nations.

The term “Fourth World Nations” is used to describe parts of countries that are most stricken by poverty. Most of these regions do not have political ties. In some cases, populations of these people may live in a First World country. However, their living standards are similar to those of Third World nations. Some of the stateless nations have a history of statehood, some were always a stateless nation, dominated by another nation. The term was coined in 1983 by political scientist Jacques Leruez in his book about the peculiar position of Scotland within the British state. It was later adopted and popularized by Scottish scholars such as David McCrone, Michael Keating and T.M. Devine.

Stateless nations are dispersed across a number of states (for example, the Yoruba people are found in the African states of Nigeria, Benin and Togo). Some stateless nations historically had a state, which was absorbed by another. Some ethnic groups were once a stateless nation that later became a nation state. Stateless nations can have large populations; for example the Kurds have an estimated population between 30 - 45 million people, so they are often regarded as "the largest ethnic group without a state". In comparison, the so called “African-American” in the United States of America is an ethnic group of over 42 million people who also have no state to call their own. However, not all peoples within multi-cultural states have the same awareness of being a stateless nation. As not all states are nation states, there are ethnic groups who live in multinational states without being considered "stateless nations".

People with a common origin, history, language, culture, customs or religion can turn into a nation. A nation is a stable community of people, formed on the basis of a common language, territory, history, ethnicity, or psychological make-up manifested in a common culture. A nation is distinct from a people, and is more abstract, and more overtly political, than an ethnic group. It is a cultural-political community that has become conscious of its autonomy, unity, and particular interests by awakening of national consciousness. A national consciousness is a shared sense of national identity; that is, a shared understanding that a people group shares a common ethnic/linguistic/cultural background.

Historically, a rise in national consciousness has been the first step towards the creation of a nation. National consciousness, at a glance, is one's level of awareness, of the collective, and one's understanding that “I AM WE, WE AM I.” It is the mere awareness of the many shared attitudes and beliefs towards things like family, customs, societal and gender roles, etc. This awareness allows one to have a "collective identity" which allows them to be knowledgeable of not only where they are, but how those places and people around them are so significant in that they ultimately make the collective, a nation. In short, national consciousness can be defined as a specific core of attitudes that provide habitual modes for regarding life's phenomena. A nation can exist without a state, as is exemplified by the stateless nations.

We submit to you that the so called black, colored, negro, or African-American in the United States are a Fourth World Nation of people existing in a First World Country. People’s of African Descent in America are citizens of the African Diaspora. With almost 350 million people, the African Diaspora is the THIRD COUNTRY in the world after China and India, but greater than The United States of America (323 million), Indonesia (258 million) and Brazil (205 million). Within the African Union, there are 6 regions: North Africa, West Africa, Central Africa, East Africa, Southern Africa, plus one last region, the "Sixth Region", which constitutes the African Diaspora.

Citizenship is not always the nationality of a person. In a multinational state different national identities can coexist or compete: for example, in Britain both English nationalism and Scottish nationalism exist and are held together by British nationalism. Nationalism is often connected to separatism, because a nation achieves completeness through its independence. Throughout history, numerous nations declared their independence, but not all succeeded in establishing a state. Even today, there are active autonomy and independence movements around the world.

The claim of the stateless nations to self-determination is often denied due to geopolitical interests and increasing globalization of the world. Stateless nations sometimes show solidarity with other stateless nations and maintain diplomatic relations. Not all peoples claim that they are nations or aspire to be states. Some see themselves as part of the multinational state and they believe that their interests are well represented in it. This is also associated with Pan-nationalism (Indian nationalism or Chinese nationalism).

In international law, a stateless person is someone who is "not considered as a national by any state under the operation of its law." Conflicting nationality laws are one of many causes of statelessness. Nationality is usually acquired through one of two modes, although many nations recognize both modes today:

 

  1. Jus soli ("right of the soil") denotes a regime by which nationality is acquired through birth on the territory of the state. This is common in the Americas.
  2. Jus sanguinis ("right of blood") is a regime by which nationality is acquired through descent, usually from a parent who is a national. Almost all states in Europe, Asia, Africa, and Oceania grant citizenship at birth based upon the principle of jus sanguinis.

 

In most large-scale statelessness situations, statelessness is a result of discrimination. Many states define their body of citizens based on ethnicity, leading to the exclusion of large groups. According to the World Atlas, there are 21 ethnic groups represented in the U.S. and only one is not clearly defined. Instead “Black or African-American” is given whereas other “white” ethnic groups are clearly defined by nationality ie Irish, British, Italian, Polish, French, Scottish, etc. This violates international laws against discrimination.

The United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination stated on 1 October 2014 that the "deprivation of citizenship on the basis of race, colour, descent, or national or ethnic origin is a breach of States’ obligations to ensure non-discriminatory enjoyment of the right to nationality". In 1948, the Universal Declaration on Human Rights (UDHR) was adopted. It provided both a right to asylum based on discrimination (Article 14) and a right to one’s own nationality (Article 15).

 

Article 15 of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights states:

 

1. Everyone has the right to a nationality.

2. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his nationality nor denied the right to change his nationality.

 

People’s of African Descent in America constitute the third largest ethnic group and the second largest racial group in the US, after White Americans and Hispanic and Latino Americans, yet have never been honored with the dignity of nationality. People’s of African Descent in America are a stateless nation of people, still residing in the land of their captivity, as they are descendants of slaves and unprotected by the constitution. People’s of African Descent in America have inherited poverty and powerlessness because of the dehumanizing labels of colored, black, negro, and African-American which offer no protection under the United States Constitution or International Law.

We the People of African Descent in America are exercising our right to declare our own nationality according to Article 15 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and be recognized internationally as a nation of people existing in the “6th Region” of the African Union which is the African Diaspora.

 

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